Our "fumbling fathers". That is a good way to put it... We can go further into why the military didn't have all black fighting units on WW2 when there was no integration of units. The black units in the army were for service and supply, were no combatants working behind combat zone in support. We all know of the Tuskegee airmen and they were the exception, to be honest, because the life expectancy of a fighter pilot was a lot less than a bomber crewman. Oh the fear of an armed black man. the south's nightmare.