Jesus is just a fictional character made up by drunken sheep herders....I would love nothing more than to bring this character into existence, then execute him violently right in front of his brain-dead followers....yeah....Daddy has a dark side......
The story is a very late addition to the bible, possibly only added in the middle ages, and even if the bible is not total fiction, this story almost certainly is. And in any case the woman is not the point of the story but only exists to show up the falsehood of her accusers, it would work just as well if she were a man or a thief or a murderer the details are trivial.
There is a very common hypothesis among historians that most of the more liberal of the Jesus teachings are the later additions, and that the hard line old testament preachings were the only ones in the earliest lost copies.
Technically, both she and the man should get stoned, but women received the brunt of the punishment, and for at least a couple of reasons:
It's a book that is supposed to be filed in the fiction aisle. The writers could make the story go any way they wanted it to go.
Asking why something in the bible happened is the same as asking why something happened in Game Of Thrones.
A ridiculous question.
Always liked that story. It's one of those that really illustrates the fairy tale quality of the bible, even without the magic parts.
An angry mob of self-righteous religious men, and not one of them believed he was without sin?
To answer your second question: Some men hate women and will take any chance to "legitimately" punish one.
Why did she cheat? Because he never had time for her. He was always working, working, working. (Or that's what 80% of cheating written claim ... ??)
Why wasn't the man punished? He was, you just have to read the fairy tale closely. She'd have to be married to cheat, if not she's just a common whore. Loose women in Biblical times were prostitutes, and encouraged to charge for their debauchery. So, only married women committed adultry. Here's what you're looking for:
And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
In that passage it makes a big point of saying Jesus was writing on the ground with a stick in the dust, I'm guessing some kind of warning to back the fuck off maybe?
Pretty obvious if this was a prostitute they were her clients and they did not want to pay then perhaps their wives might have had an opinion on the matter, and under Jewish law a woman could divorce and demand recompence from an adulterous spouse.
It begs the question how Jesus knew all her clientele and her profession, but friend of whotres and money lenders and all that, makes for some juicy blackmail fodder.
Why did she cheat? Do you seriously want us to speculate on something we can't possibly know? There are a million different scenarios that could have been the case if this even really happened. It could have been justified or not but is this even relevant?
Why didn't the man get punished? Maybe he did. The old testament says that both should get killed. But maybe there is also some sexism involved in this scenario, it's not like bible has a shortage of that.